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Description of Vermont, US
It's no surprise that Vermont is located in New England. There are three states to the south, New Hampshire east and west of it, and New York north of it: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New York. In New England, Vermont is the only state that does not face the Atlantic Ocean. According to the upcoming 2020 census, Vermont will have a population of 643,503 people, making it the sixth-most sparsely populated state in the union. The capital of Vermont is Montpelier, which has the distinction of being the United States' least populous state capital. Burlington, Vermont's most populous city, is the state's least populous city.
This region has been home to indigenous peoples for at least 12,000 years. It was during this time that European explorers first encountered the Algonquin speaking Abenaki and Iroquoian speaking Mohawk tribes. French colonists claimed the land as part of the New France colony of the Kingdom of France in the 17th century. Following Great Britain's establishment of colonies along the southern Atlantic coast, the two countries began competing in North America as well. After losing the Seven Years' War in 1763, France ceded its eastern territories to Great Britain.
Later, the British Thirteen Colonies, particularly the province of New Hampshire and New York, argued over the extent of the New Hampshire Grants, which encompassed present-day New Hampshire and Maine. Vermont. There was a conflict between the New York provincial government's sale of land grants to settlers in the region and those previously granted by the New Hampshire government. Protecting the interests of established New Hampshire land grant settlers, the Green Mountain Boys militia fought against the arrival of new settlers from New York with land titles. As a result of the American Revolutionary War, a group of New Hampshire land grant holders established the Vermont Republic in 1777 as an independent state. The Vermont Republic was the first state to abolish slavery.
In 1791, Vermont became the fourteenth state to join the new United States of America, which had just been established. Abolitionist sentiment in Vermont was strong in the mid-19th century, but the region's textile mills, which relied on southern cotton, were also tied to King Cotton. In the American Civil War, it sent a large number of soldiers.
Lake Champlain and the surrounding valleys are separated from the Connecticut River Valley in the east by the Green Mountains, which run north–south through the state's center. Hardwoods and conifers cover the majority of its land, and the majority of its open land is used for farming. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold and snowy.
On the list of the United States states and territories by GDP, Vermont ranked last in 2018 with a $34 billion economic output, but it ranked 34th in GDP per capita. The first state legislature to recognize same-sex civil unions took place in 2000.
Geographical Description of Vermont
Vermont is the 45th-largest state in the United States, with a total area of 9,614 square miles (24,900 square kilometers). It's the only state without any structures exceeding 124 feet in height (38 m). 9,250 square miles (24,000 km2) of land and 365 square miles (950 km2) of water make it the 43rd-largest land area and the 47th-largest water area in the world, respectively, Compared to El Salvador and Haiti, it is larger in total area. New England's only landlocked state, it is the easternmost and the smallest of all landlocked states in terms of area.
In Vermont, the Green Mountains form a north–south spine that runs along the state's eastern border. The Taconic Mountains can be found in the southwest part of the state. The fertile Champlain Valley is located in the northwest, near Lake Champlain. In the valley's southern reaches, you'll find Lake Bomoseen.
Despite the fact that much of the Connecticut River flows through New Hampshire, it serves as the state's eastern border. 40% of Vermont is covered by the watershed of the Connecticut River.
Vermont and New York are separated by Lake Champlain, the sixth-largest freshwater body in the United States, in the northwest portion of the state. Vermont is 159 miles (256 kilometers) long from north to south. East to west, it is 89 miles (143 kilometers) wide at the Canada–U.S. border and 37 miles (60 kilometers) wide near the Massachusetts border. There is an average width of 60.5 miles (97.4 km). In Washington County, about three miles (5 kilometers) east of Roxbury, lies the state's geographic center. Between Vermont and Canada, there are fifteen official U.S. federal border crossings.
There are several mountains with delicate year-round alpine ecosystems including Mount Mansfield, the highest mountain in the state; Killington Peak; Camel's Hump; and Mount Abraham, the state's fifth-highest mountain. The Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park (in Woodstock) and the Appalachian National Scenic Trail are two of Vermont's National Park Service-managed areas.
Large-scale flooding can occur in parts of Vermont due to the state's geography and climate. Floods in 1927 killed 84 people and damaged the state's infrastructure; in 1973, a flood covered many of the state's southern roads; and in 2011, Tropical Storm Irene wreaked havoc across the state. Six Army Corps of Engineers-run flood control dams were built in the state in response to the 1927 flood. Climate change is predicted to exacerbate these flooding and rainfall-related disasters.
Economy of Vermont
In 2016, the total number of people employed in Vermont was 262,705, and there were 21,174 employer establishments. A WalletHub ranking of Vermont as the 43rd best place to start a business in 2019 cited Vermont's 49th-place average growth of small businesses and 50th-place availability of human capital as the reasons for the ranking. In 2018, CNBC ranked Vermont 32nd as a business location, citing the lack of access to capital as the most significant barrier to growth. Although Vermont was ranked 37th by U.S. News for its "business climate," it was ranked 18th for its employment in 2019. There were three consecutive years from 2006 to 2007 that the state was listed by Forbes as the best place to do business.
Vermont's GDP was $19.3 billion in 2017, making it the second smallest state in the country. At $51,600, it ranked 34th among the states in per-capita GDP.