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Description of Utah, US
Located in the Mountain West region of the Western United States, the state of Utah is a mountain state. A landlocked state in the western United States, Utah shares its borders with the states of Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the north, Idaho to the north-northeast, Arizona to the south-southwest, and Nevada to the western west. In the southeast, Utah shares a border with New Mexico. With a population of over three million, Utah ranks as the 30th most populous and the 11th least densely populated of the 50 states in the United States. More than half of Utah's population lives in two areas: the north-central Wasatch Front (which includes Salt Lake City), which has a population of about 200,000, and the southwest, which has more than 180,000 residents. The Great Basin covers the majority of Utah's western half.
Various indigenous peoples, such as the ancient Puebloans, Navajos, and Utes, have lived in Utah for thousands of years. For centuries, this region was a remote outpost of New Spain and later Mexico, but the Spanish first arrived here around the middle of the 16th century. Many of Utah's early settlers were Americans, particularly Mormons fleeing marginalization and persecution in the United States, even while it was still Mexican territory. On September 2, 1848, following the Mexican–American War, Utah Territory was established, which included what is now Colorado and Nevada. Utah's admission as a state was delayed due to disagreements between the dominant Mormon community and the federal government; it was only admitted as the 45th state in 1896 after polygamy was outlawed.
Utahns are people who reside in Utah. Slightly more than half of the people in Utah are Mormons, and the majority of them belong to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which has its world headquarters in Salt Lake City. Latter-day Saint culture, politics, and daily life have been heavily influenced by the LDS Church in Utah, but this is no longer the case.
Transportation, education, information technology, government services, mining, and tourism are just some of Utah's major industries. According to the upcoming 2020 U.S. Census, Utah will have the nation's fastest population growth since 2010. This metropolitan area grew at a faster rate than any in the United States between 2000 and 2005. In terms of healthcare, governance, education, and infrastructure, Utah is among the best states in the country. If you're looking for a state with a low level of inequality, this is it. Because of climate change, the frequency and severity of Utah's droughts have increased, further straining the state's water supply and hurting its economy.
Geographical Description of Utah
Arid sand dunes and pine forests in mountain valleys are among the state's many unique natural features, which have earned it a reputation as a land of extremes. The Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, and the Colorado Plateau all meet in the state, which is rugged and geographically diverse.
84,899 square miles make up the state of Utah (219,890 km2). Wyoming and Colorado border it on the north and east; New Mexico and Arizona border it on the southeast; Utah border it on the south; and Nevada border it on the west. It is one of Four Corners' states and is bordered by Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, and Nevada on all sides. There are only three states in the United States that are entirely defined by latitude and longitude lines.
Landform diversity is one of Utah's most distinctive features. There's a mountain range in Utah's northern third, the Wasatch Range, that rises nearly 12,000 feet above sea level. Snowfalls of up to three feet are common in Utah, making the state a popular destination for skiers and snowboarders. The Uinta Mountains, which stretch east-west across northeastern Utah and reach elevations of more than 13,000 feet, can be found here (4,000 m). The Uinta Mountains contain the state's highest point, Kings Peak, at 13,528 feet (4,123 meters).
It's on this broad, flat expanse of land along the Wasatch Front that the state's most densely populated areas can be found. It runs from the north end of Brigham City to the south end of Nephi. This corridor is home to the majority of the state's residents, and the population is rapidly expanding.
Basin and range topography characterize the landscape of western Utah. The landscape is punctuated by small mountain ranges and rough terrain. The Bonneville Salt Flats are an exception because they were once the bed of the ancient Lake Bonneville, which is why they are so flat. Remains of this ancient freshwater lake can be found in Great Salt Lake, Utah Lake, Sevier Lake, and Rush Lake. The Great Salt Lake Desert, which stretches from the Great Salt Lake to the Nevada border, is arid. Due to large springs and wetland areas fed by groundwater derived from snow melt in the Snake Range, Deep Creek Range, and other tall mountains to the west of the Snake Valley area, Snake Valley is (relatively) lush in comparison. Southern Snake Range Great Basin National Park is just across the Nevada state line. Notch Peak, the tallest limestone cliff in North America, is one of western Utah's most impressive, but under-appreciated, attractions.
Kayenta sandstone and Navajo sandstone make up a large portion of the southern and southeastern landscape (specifically the Colorado Plateau region). Sandstone canyons formed by the Colorado River and its tributaries are some of the most stunning and wild landscapes in the world (the area around the confluence of the Colorado and Green Rivers was the last to be mapped in the lower 48 United States). The soft sandstone has been shaped by wind and rain for millions of years. South-central and southeast Utah is home to a diverse landscape of canyons, gullies, arches, pinnacles, buttes, bluffs, and mesas.
Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion National Parks, as well as the Grand Staircase-Escalante, Hovenweep, and Natural Bridges National Monuments, the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, the Dead Horse Point and Goblin Valley State Parks, and Monument Valley National Monument, all contain this terrain as their primary feature. Southeastern Utah is home to the Navajo Nation as well. The La Sal, Abajo, and Henry mountain ranges are also found in southeastern Utah.
There are several high-elevation plateaus and basins in eastern Utah, the most populous of which are the Tavaputs Plateau and San Rafael Swell, both of which are difficult to reach, and the Uinta Basin. There is a lot of emphasis on the extraction of oil, natural gas, and oil shale, as well as ranching and tourism. The Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation encompasses a large portion of eastern Utah. Near Vernal, Dinosaur National Monument is the area's most popular tourist attraction.
Utah's southwestern region is the state's lowest and hottest. Because early settlers were able to grow cotton there, the area became known as Utah's Dixie. At 2,000 feet, Beaverdam Wash in southwestern Utah is the state's lowest point (610 m). Northernmost Mojave Desert is also found in this region. Residents of Dixie are moving to the area in increasing numbers as a popular recreational and retirement destination. A series of mountain ranges extends south from the southern end of the Wasatch Mountains down the spine of Utah, even though Mount Nebo, near Nephi, marks the end of the range. Brian Head, the highest ski resort in the state, is located north of Dixie and east of Cedar City.
The federal government owns a large portion of Utah's land, as it does in most western and southwestern states. Most of the land in the area is either BLM land, Utah State Trustland land, or federal land such as a national forest or a national park. There are national forests in every county in Utah.
Economy of Utah
By the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Utah's gross state product was US$130.5 billion, or 0.87 percent of the total US GDP of $14.91 trillion in 2012. In 2012, the average American's annual income was $45,700. Mining, cattle ranching, salt production, and government services are some of Utah's most important industries.
When it comes to Economic Dynamism, Utah leads the nation because of its "degree to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, IT-driven and innovation-based," according to the 2007 State New Economy Index. On Forbes' list of "Best States for Business" in 2014, Utah was ranked number one. It was called "the new economic Zion" by Newsweek magazine in November 2010 and examined how the Salt Lake City area has been able to bring in high-paying jobs and attract high-tech corporations during a recession. The state's unemployment rate was 3.5 percent as of September 2014. Utah ranked first in 2014 for "small business friendliness," according to a study based on information provided by more than 12,000 small business owners.
Eastern Utah is a major source of petroleum production. There are a slew of oil refineries within driving distance of Salt Lake City. Coal mining is the primary source of mining activity in the state's central region.
Among all states in the United States, Utahns have the highest percentage of their income given away to charity, according to the Internal Revenue Service. This is because Mormons are required to donate ten percent of their income to the church. Between 2008 and 2010, Utah had an average of 884,000 volunteers, each of whom contributed an average of 89.2 hours of service. This equates to $3.8 billion in service, making Utah the most generous state in the United States in terms of volunteerism.