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Description of New York, US
The most populous city in the United States is New York, also known as New York City (NYC) to differentiate it from the state of New York. New York Metropolis is also the most densely inhabited large city in the United States, with a population of 8,804,190 spread across 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2) in 2020. The city is the hub of the New York metropolitan region, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban area, and is located near the southernmost tip of the state of New York. New York is one of the world's most populated megacities, with approximately 20,1 million residents in its metropolitan statistical area and 23.5 million in its combined statistical area as of the year 2020. New York City is a global cultural, financial, and media hub that has a substantial impact on business, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, eating, art, fashion, and sports. It is the world's most photographed city. New York, which houses the headquarters of the United Nations, is an important center for international diplomacy, an established safe haven for global financiers, and is sometimes referred to as the world's capital.
Located atop one of the world's largest natural ports, with water covering 36.4% of its surface area, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which corresponds to a county in the state of New York. When local governments were combined into a single municipal entity in 1898, Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County) were formed. The city and its surrounding metropolitan region serve as the principal entry point for legal immigration to the United States. Up to 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the city with the greatest linguistic diversity in the world. In 2016, New York City has the greatest foreign-born population of any city in the world, with more than 3,2 million residents born outside the United States. As of 2018, it is projected that the New York metropolitan area generates a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of about $1.8 trillion, making it the largest metropolitan economy in the United States. If the metropolitan area of New York were a sovereign state, it would have the world's eighth-largest GDP. New York is the city with the highest concentration of billionaires in the world.
In approximately 1624, Dutch colonists established a trading center on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, from which New York City sprang. In 1626, the community was dubbed New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam), and in 1653, it was incorporated as a city. The city was nicknamed New York after King Charles II of England awarded the lands to his brother, the Duke of York, in 1664, when it came under English administration. The city was reclaimed by the Dutch in July 1673 and renamed New Orange for one year and three months; since November 1674, it has been consistently known as New York. New York Metropolis was the nation's capital from 1785 to 1790, and it has been the nation's largest city since 1790. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Statue of Liberty met millions of immigrants as they arrived in the United States by ship. It is a symbol of the United States and its principles of liberty and peace. New York has grown in the 21st century as a global hub of innovation, business, and environmental sustainability, as well as a symbol of liberty and cultural diversity. In 2019, almost 30,000 individuals from 48 locations throughout the world voted New York the greatest city in the world, citing its cultural diversity.
In 2013, three of New York City's districts and monuments were among the 10 most visited tourist sites in the world. In 2019, a record number of 66.6 million tourists visited New York City. Times Square is the brightly lit center of the Broadway Theater District, one of the busiest pedestrian crossroads in the world, and a significant entertainment hub in the world. Many of the city's landmarks, buildings, and parks are well-known worldwide, as is the city's rapid pace, which gave rise to the name "New York minute." The Empire State Building has become the international benchmark for describing the height and length of comparable buildings. The Manhattan housing market is one of the most expensive in the world. With 472 passenger train stations, the New York City Subway is the biggest single-operator rapid transit system in the world and contributes to the moniker "The City That Never Sleeps." The city has approximately 120 colleges and institutions, including Columbia University, New York University, and the largest urban public university system in the United States, City University of New York. New York City is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq, which are located in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan and are anchored by Wall Street.
Geographical Description of New York
During the Wisconsin glaciation, between 75,000 and 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was positioned at the border of a massive ice sheet with a depth of more than 2,000 feet (610 meters). The glacier's forward march and subsequent retreat contributed to the separation of Long Island and Staten Island. This process also left bedrock at a very shallow depth, giving a sturdy base for the majority of Manhattan's skyscrapers.
New York City is located in the southeastern portion of New York State in the northeastern United States, almost midway between Washington, D.C. and Boston. The city's strategic location at the mouth of the Hudson River, which flows into a naturally protected harbor and subsequently into the Atlantic Ocean, has contributed to its development as a major commercial port. The majority of New York City is located on Long Island, Manhattan, and Staten Island.
Through the Hudson Valley, the Hudson River empties into New York Bay. The river between New York City and Troy, New York is an estuary. The Hudson River separates the city from the state of New Jersey in the United States. The East River is a tidal waterway that flows from Long Island Sound and separates Long Island from the Bronx and Manhattan. Most of Manhattan and the Bronx are separated by the Harlem River, another tidal strait between the East and Hudson rivers. The Bronx River, which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County, is the only river in the city that consists entirely of freshwater.
Since Dutch colonial times, significant land reclamation has occurred along the city's waterfronts; reclamation is especially evident in Lower Manhattan, with complexes like Battery Park City. A portion of the natural relief in the geography has been leveled, particularly in Manhattan.
The total area of the city is 468.484 square miles (1,213.37 square kilometers), of which 302.643 square miles (783.84 square kilometers) are land and 165.841 square miles (429.53 square kilometers) are water. Todt Hill on Staten Island is the highest point in the city, and at 409.8 feet (124.9 m) above sea level, it is the highest point on the eastern seaboard south of Maine. As part of Staten Island's Greenbelt, the majority of the ridge's crest is covered with trees.
Economy of New York
New York City is a global center of business and commerce, an established safe haven for international investors, and is frequently referred to as the global capital. The city is a hub for international banking and finance, retailing, international trade, transportation, tourism, real estate, new media, traditional media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the United States, while Silicon Alley, a symbol of the city's expansive high technology sector, continues to grow. In 2017, the Port of New York and New Jersey handled a record cargo volume of over 6.7 million TEUs, making it a key economic engine.
New York City is home to the headquarters of a huge number of Fortune 500 and worldwide organizations. One out of every ten jobs in the city's private sector are with a foreign enterprise. In terms of attracting cash, commerce, and tourists, New York City has been ranked first among global cities. "Madison Avenue" is a metonymic representation of New York City's position as the leading global advertising industry hub. The city's apparel business pays around 180,000 employees an annual remuneration of $11 billion.
Other significant industries include medical research and technology, non-profit organizations, and higher education. A sizeable but diminishing proportion of employment is in the manufacturing sector. New York's apparel and garment business, historically based in Manhattan's Garment District, peaked in 1950, when more than 323,000 people were working in the industry. In 2015, less than 23,000 New York City citizens were employed in the production of apparel, accessories, and finished textiles, despite efforts to revitalize the industry. The food processing business is worth $5 billion and employs more than 19,000 people.
Chocolate is New York City's top export of speciality foods, generating up to $234 million annually. As of 2014, Brooklyn was developing a "Chocolate District," but Godiva, one of the world's largest chocolatiers, maintained its headquarters in Manhattan.