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Description of Nevada, US
Nevada is a state in the Western region of the United States. Oregon, Idaho, California, Arizona, and Utah are all neighboring states to Utah. Nevada is the 32nd most populous state, the 7th largest in terms of land area, and the 9th least densely inhabited in terms of population. About 75% of Nevada's residents reside in Clark County, which includes the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area and three of the state's four largest incorporated cities. Nevada's capital is Carson City, whereas the state's largest city is Las Vegas.
"Silver State" is a name given to Nevada because of its historical and economic importance to the state. Since it became a state during the American Civil War (the phrase "Battle Born" appears on the state flag), it is also known as the "Sagebrush State" for its native plant, and as the "Sage-hen State" for its state bird. However, while Nevada does share a name with the Sierra Nevada mountain range because of its proximity, its rest of the state is mostly desert and semi-arid, with most of its territory falling within the Great Basin. The name "Nevada" translates as "snowy" in Spanish. South of the Great Basin, Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada define the Mojave Desert's eastern limit. About 86% of the state's territory is managed by a variety of federal civilian and military organizations.
Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe Indians make up the majority of Nevada's population. It was the Spanish who first stepped foot in the area. The Sierra Nevada mountains in Spain, which were blanketed in snow throughout the winter, inspired the name "Nevada" (snowy). It was a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain's Alta California, which became Mexico in 1821. The United States took over the territory in 1848 after winning the Mexican–American War, and it became part of Utah Territory in 1850. As a result of the Comstock Lode's finding of silver in 1859, the western half of Utah Territory was split off and became Nevada Territory. Nevada was admitted to the Union as the 36th state on October 31, 1864, one of two new states created as a result of the American Civil War (the first being West Virginia).
The libertarian legal system in place in Nevada is well-known. In 1940, the population of Nevada was less than half that of Wyoming, the next least populous state, with just over 110,000 residents. Nevada, on the other hand, became a popular tourist destination after legalizing casinos and loosening limits on marriage and divorce in the early part of the twentieth century. Clark County (Las Vegas), Washoe County (Reno), and Carson City are the three most populated counties in Nevada, although prostitution is illegal in all three (which, as an independent city, is not within the boundaries of any county). The state of Nevada is the world's fourth-largest gold producer. Tourists continue to be the primary source of income for the state. As a result of climate change, droughts in Nevada have become more frequent and severe, putting further strain on the state's water supply.
Geographical description of Nevada
Nevada, which is almost entirely located in the Basin and Range Province, is divided into two parts by several north–south mountain ranges. Endorheic lowlands can be found between most of these mountains.
As a temperate desert, the Great Basin endures both hot summers and cold winters in the northernmost region of the state. Summer thunderstorms may be caused by the Arizona Monsoon, while Pacific storms may bury the region in snow. It was 125 degrees Fahrenheit (52 degrees Celsius) in Laughlin, Nevada, on June 29, 1994, the hottest temperature ever recorded in the state. A temperature of 52 °F (47 °C) was reported in San Jacinto in 1972, the coldest temperature ever recorded in California.
Flowing from east to west across northern Nevada, the Humboldt River eventually reaches the Humboldt Sink at Lovelock. Watersheds in the Sierra Nevada range from the Walker, through Truckee, to the Carson. Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and the Carson Sink are the endorheic basins of these rivers. However, Nevada isn't wholly confined to the Great Basin, either. The northern part of Nevada is drained by the Snake River and its tributaries, whereas the southern part of Nevada is drained by the Colorado River, which also forms part of the state's boundary with Arizona.
Sky islands for uncommon species are created by the mountain ranges, some of which have summits over 4,000 meters high. There are a few exceptions in northern Nevada, where the valleys can reach elevations of over 20,000 feet (6,048 meters) (1,800 m).
Mojave Desert covers the southern half of Nevada, which includes the Las Vegas metro area. During the winter, the area receives less rain, but in the summer, it is closer to the Arizona monsoon. As a result of the low elevation, the summers are hot and the winters are mild to cold, with temperatures ranging from cool to freezing.
The Nevada-California state line, spanning approximately 400 miles, is the longest diagonal line in terms of cardinal directions (640 km). At the mouth of the Colorado River, 12 miles (19 kilometers) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge, the Nevada, California, and Arizona borders meet at a point almost 4 miles (6.4 kilometers) offshore in Lake Tahoe.
The Spring Mountain Range, west of Las Vegas, is Nevada's largest mountain range. The lowest point in Nevada can be found along the Colorado River south of Laughlin.
More over half of Nevada's mountains rise to at least 2,000 meters above sea level (610 meters). Although Nevada has fewer mountains than Alaska or California, it has more than Montana or Washington State combined.
Economy of Nevada
The state's economy is based on tourism, mining, and cattle ranching (especially in the Las Vegas area). Among Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, entertainment, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electrical equipment. At $170 billion, the Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates Nevada's gross state product for the year 2018. California's average household income was $53,631 in 2020, ranking the state 31st in the nation. In 2012, Nevada's state debt was estimated at $7.5 billion, or $3,100 for each state taxpayer. The state's unemployment rate was 7.8 percent as of May 2021.