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Description of New Hampshire, US
It is located in the New England region of the United States. Maine and the Gulf of Maine are to the east and south, Massachusetts to the south and Vermont to the west. Quebec lies to the north. According to geographical area and population, New Hampshire is the fifth smallest state in the Union and the tenth least populous. There are two major cities in the state: Concord and Manchester. Known as "The Granite State," the state has vast granite outcrops and quarries as a nod to the state's Revolutionary War history and its motto, "Live Free or Die." As the site of the country's second presidential primary (after the Iowa caucuses), it is well-known.
New Hampshire has been home to Algonquian-speaking peoples like the Abenaki for a very long time. Some of the oldest non-native villages were established by English colonists in the early 17th century. In 1629, the English county of Hampshire inspired the establishment of the Province of New Hampshire. Following the escalating tensions between the British colonies and the crown in the 1760s, New Hampshire reacted by capturing Fort William and Mary in 1774, the first overt act of rebellion by a colony. An autonomous government and state constitution were established in January 1776, and six months later the United States signed the Declaration of Independence and began a war with Great Britain. In June of 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
Abolitionists from New Hampshire provided around 32,000 men for the Union during the American Civil War. There has been a great increase in population and industry in the state after World War II, with Manchester's Amoskeag Manufacturing Company once again becoming the largest cotton textile mill in the world. Nearly one-fourth of New Hampshire inhabitants claim French American ancestry, making it the second-largest state in New England after Maine.
New Hampshire's industrial sector declined after World War II, a trend that was seen across the United States. From financial and professional services to real estate to education to transportation to the state's high-tech industry, the state's economy has become increasingly diverse since 1950. When major highways linked it to Greater Boston in the 1980s, the population of this suburb surged rapidly. New Hampshire has one of the highest median household incomes in the country and some of the lowest rates of poverty, unemployment, and criminal activity. After Florida, it is one of only nine states without a state income tax; this means that it has the second lowest overall tax burden of any of the United States' states. New Hampshire is placed among the top 10 states in terms of government, healthcare, socioeconomic opportunities, and budgetary stability.
Tourism in New Hampshire is on the rise because of its hilly and highly forested landscape. There are some of the East Coast's highest ski mountains here, and Mount Monadnock is one of the most popular peaks to climb in the United States. Summer cottages on lakes and along the seacoast, racing at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway and the Motorcycle Week, a major motorcycle event held in Laconia near Weirs Beach, are among the other things to do in New Hampshire. This section of the Appalachian Trail passes through the White Mountain National Forest, which also has the Mount Washington Auto Road, which leads to the 6,288-foot (1,900-meter) peak of Mount Washington.
Geographical description of New Hampshire
The New England region of the northeastern United States consists of six states, one of which being New Hampshire. Quebec borders it on the north and northwest, Maine and the Gulf of Maine on the east, Massachusetts on the south, and Vermont on the west. Aside from Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire's other major regions include the White Mountains and Lakes Region, the Seacoast, Merrimack Valley, and Monadnock Region. There are only 18 miles (29 km) or 13 miles (21 km) of ocean shoreline in New Hampshire, which is the shortest of any U.S. coastal state (21 km).
The north-central part of New Hampshire is dominated by the White Mountains. Three of the Northeastern United States' largest mountains, Mount Washington, Mount Adams, and Mount Jefferson comprise the range. The range was the site of the second-highest wind speed ever recorded. The higher portions of Mount Washington experience the "World's Worst Weather," according to the weather observatory on the peak, with an average of hurricane-force winds every third day, more than 100 recorded deaths, and noticeable krumholtz (dwarf, matted trees resembling a carpet of bonsai trees). The Old Man of the Mountain, a rock formation with a profile resembling a face near Franconia Notch, was visible in the White Mountains until May of 2003. In spite of its demise, the Old Man continues to function as a symbol for the state of New Hampshire, as seen by signs on state highways, license plates, and several government and commercial entities.
An isolated resistant peak rising from an otherwise less resistant deteriorated plain known as a monadnock has been given its name by Mount Monadnock, which is located in the drier southwest portion of New Hampshire.
On its way to the sea at Newburyport, the 110-mile-long (177-kilometer-long) Merrimack River cuts across the southern part of New Hampshire. Its tributaries are the Contoocook, Pemigewasset, and Winnipesaukee rivers. New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes, where the Connecticut River empties into the Atlantic Ocean, serve as Vermont's western border. As a result, all of the river that runs along the Vermont border (save where a dam has raised the water level) falls within the state of New Hampshire, despite its location in the middle of the river. Only Pittsburgh and Vermont are separated by land. Some of the Canada–United States border is defined by the Connecticut's "northwesternmost headwaters."
While much of New Hampshire is surrounded by bays, Portsmouth is the only major ocean port in the state. The Salmon Falls and Piscataqua rivers form the southern border of Maine. Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (located on Seavey's Island) was at the center of a dispute between New Hampshire and Maine in 2001, involving the Piscataqua River border. After the Supreme Court rejected the case in 2002, Maine was left with full ownership of the island. Despite this, New Hampshire continues to hold sway over the state's primary voters.
The east-central part of New Hampshire is home to Lake Winnipesaukee, the state's largest lake, with an area of 71 square miles (184 km2). Umbagog Lake in Maine, with 31.9 square miles (12.3 square miles), is the runner-up in terms of area. Squam Lake is New Hampshire's second largest lake.
The 18-mile shoreline of New Hampshire is the shortest of the U.S. state's coastlines (29 kilometers). Residents of Hampton enjoy going to the beach there in the summer. The Isles of Shoals are a group of nine tiny islands located around seven nautical miles (11 kilometers) off the coast of New Hampshire. A 19th-century art community founded by poet Celia Thaxter and the location of a Blackbeard's buried treasure are among their significant features.
It is the most heavily forested state in the country. A temperate broadleaf and mixed forest biome characterizes the state of New Hampshire. A substantial part of the state is covered by the coniferous and northern hardwood forests of the New England-Acadian region, particularly in the White Mountains. Northeastern coastal oaks cover the southeastern tip of the state and parts of the Connecticut River at its border with Vermont. Trees in the state's extensive woodlands are a magnet for leaf-peepers in quest of their brilliant autumnal hues.
The northern part of the state is referred to as "north country" or "north of the notches" because of the White Mountain passes that direct traffic. It is home to fewer than 5% of the state's population, has a high poverty rate, and is steadily shedding residents as the forestry and paper industries fail and disappear. Tourists who visit northern New Hampshire, particularly those who enjoy skiing, snowboarding or hiking and mountain biking have offset the economic impact of mill closures in the region.
At some point in the 1950s, environmental protection became a topic in public debate and became politicized by the 1970s. There was a protest against the construction of an oil refinery on the coast and an interstate highway expansion through Franconia Notch.
As a result of climate change, ski resorts in New Hampshire expect their winter season lengths to shorten, further threatening the ski industry's historic contraction and consolidation while also putting individual ski businesses and ski-dependent communities at risk.
Economy of New Hampshire
In 2018, New Hampshire's gross state product was $86 billion, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, placing it forty-first in the United States. A family income of $74,801 was the fourth most common in the United States in 2017. Food products such as milk and plant material are among its agricultural outputs. Apples and eggs are also included in this category. Its industrial products include machinery, electrical equipment, rubber and plastic items, and tourism is a major economic factor.
New Hampshire's economy underwent a major shift throughout the twentieth century. Traditional New England textile and shoe manufacturing, as well as small machine factories that used low-wage labor from nearby small farms and parts of Quebec, formed the foundation of the industry. Two percent of the state's manufacturing dollars are spent on textiles and two percent on leather items; machining accounts for only nine percent of the total. In the South, decreased wages and obsolete machinery have also contributed to a precipitous decline.
New Hampshire's economy grew by 2.2 percent in 2018, making it one of the fastest growing in the country. In 2018, the state's most important economic sectors were as follows, based on their GDP contribution: More than a third of the workforce is employed in the real estate and rental and leasing sector, followed by professional services, manufacturing, government and government services, and health care and social services;