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Description of Nebraska, US
The Midwest region of the United States is home to Nebraska. At north of the Missouri River, it is bordered by South Dakota; east and southeast by Iowa and Missouri; southwest and west by Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming. Landlocked states do not have access to seaports or international airports.
Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and other Lakota (Sioux) tribes occupied the region for thousands of years before European colonization. The state is home to a number of historic trails, including the Lewis and Clark Trail.
Over 1.9 million people call Nebraska home, and the state's size is just over 78,000 square miles (200,000 km2). Lincoln is the state's capital, while Omaha is the state's largest city, situated on the Missouri River. Nebraska was admitted to the Union in 1867, two years after the war's end. Unusually, the Nebraska Legislature is a unicameral legislature and its members are elected without regard to party affiliation.
In Nebraska, there are two significant geographic regions: the Dissected Till Plains, and the Great Plains, both of which may be found throughout the state. Omaha and Lincoln, the state's two largest cities, are located in the Dissected Till Plains region, which is characterized by gently rolling hills. There are no trees in the Great Plains region, which covers most of western Nebraska. There are two major climatic zones in Nebraska. There is a humid continental climate in the eastern two-thirds of the state, while the southern plains have a unique "warm-temperate" climate, comparable to the humid subtropical climate of Kansas and Oklahoma. Most of the Panhandle and nearby areas bordering Colorado are semiarid. As one moves further south in the state, the difference between winter and summer temperatures narrows. During spring and summer, tornadoes and severe thunderstorms are most common, but they can also occur in the fall. During the winter and early spring months, the Chinook breeze tends to significantly warm the state.
Geographical Description of Nebraska
Central Lowland Till Plains and Great Plains physiographic zones are found in Nebraska's eastern third and western half, respectively (which makes up the centre of the state).
One of Nebraska's most unique features is the Sand Hills region, located in the state's north central and northwest regions. With an elevation range from 25 to 400 feet, it covers nearly one-fourth of the state's land area (8 to 120 metres). In the Sand Hills region, there are numerous lakes and beautiful meadows.
Between sea level and 5,426 feet (1,651 meters) along the state's borders with Colorado and Wyoming, Nebraska's elevation fluctuates from a minimum of 840 feet (256 meters) in the southeast to the highest of 5. While river valleys, parts of south central Nebraska, and a large chunk of the panhandle district are flatlands, the majority of Nebraska's territory is undulating prairie.
The Platte River, Nebraska's principal tributary, empties into the Missouri River south of Omaha. Even though the Platte River is shallow and non-navigable, it is critical to the state's irrigation. Rivers North and South Platte originate in southwest Colorado, but North flows north into Wyoming before entering Nebraska. The Elkhorn River and the Loup River, formed by three tributaries from the Sand Hills, run into the Platte River west of Omaha. Two rivers flow in southern Nebraska: the Republican and Big Blue. The other, the Kansas, flows into the Missouri River in Kansas. Flowing through the extreme northern part of Nebraska is the Niobrara, a fast-moving torrent that originates in the high mountains west of the Wyoming state boundary. Most of Nebraska is covered by the Ogallala Aquifer, a massive underground water reservoir that has allowed for widespread use of well irrigation.
Temperature, wind speed, and precipitation are all vulnerable to extremes in Nebraska, just like the Great Plains as a whole. Eastern, middle, and western Nebraska all have very different climates. Summertime temperatures in Nebraska can reach 100 °F (38 °C) due to southwesterly winds, making the state one of the hottest in the country. During the month of July in the panhandle, temperatures range from the lower 70s F (about 23 °C) to the upper 70s F (about 26 °C). Temperatures frequently fall below zero degrees Fahrenheit in the winter due to the arrival of Arctic air masses from Canada (approximately 18 degrees Celsius). Nebraska can be hit by severe blizzards caused by low-pressure systems that originate in the southern United States. From mid-20s F (about 4 °C) to 20 °F (7 °C), January temperatures in the panhandle range. It takes an average of 170 days to grow crops in the Southeast, while it only takes 130 days to grow crops in the Panhandle region.
It ranges from more than 30 inches (750 millimeters) in the southeast to less than 16 inches (400 millimeters) in the extreme west, on an average annual basis. Nearly two-thirds of Nebraska is classified as semiarid because it receives less than that amount of precipitation on a yearly basis to support average agricultural production.
When Nebraskan senator J. Sterling Morton proposed a tree-planting day in 1872 as a way to beautify the state's largely treeless environment, it became the first state to celebrate Arbor Day. As a result, the river valley slopes have been thickly covered with deciduous trees, which originally covered Nebraska's plains. Coniferous forests thrive on the highlands of Wild Cat and Pine Ridge, as well as in the Niobrara Valley in eastern Nebraska, where cottonwood, elm, and some oak and walnut can be found. The Nebraska National Forest is the result of human attempts to establish trees in the parched plains of west-central Nebraska.
Bison once roamed the Nebraska plains in great numbers, but the advent of civilization in 1854 led to the near extinction of the species. A wildlife refuge near Valentine, Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge, is home to some of these animals. The state is also home to prairie dogs, coyotes, jackrabbits, skunks, and squirrels, in addition to antelope and deer. Pheasants and migratory birds are among the most common.
Economy of Nebraska
Nebraska's economic growth is heavily reliant on outside investment. Founded in 1967, Nebraska's Department of Economic Development aims to recruit new enterprises to the state.. In addition, a state law passed in 1987 provided tax incentives to promote economic development. The principal sources of income are agriculture, services, manufacturing, and transportation.
Nebraska's gross state product in 2010 was estimated by the Bureau of Economic Analysis to be $89.8 billion. At $31,339 per person in 2004, the state ranked 25th in the United States in terms of per-capita income. Livestock, pork, wheat, corn (maize), soybeans, and sorghum are some of the primary agricultural products produced in Nebraska. Manufacturing, rail and truck freight transportation, telecommunications, information technology, and insurance are some of the other key economic sectors.
At 2.8 percent, the state's unemployment rate was the fifth-lowest in the nation as of November 2018.