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Michigan State Description
Michigan is a state tat is situated in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. Its name comes from the word mishigami which is an Ojibwe word, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Having a population of approximately 10 million people, Michigan is the 10th most populated state of the 50 U.S. states, the 11th most extensive state by area, being slightly larger than the United Kingdom, and it is the largest by area east of the Mississippi River. Its capital city is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populated and the largest metropolitan economies.
Michigan is the only state of the 50 states to be have up to two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula is shaped to be like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is divided from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, which is a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins together Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas together. Michigan has the longest freshwater coastline seen in any political subdivision in the world, being bordered by four of the five Great Lakes, together with Lake Saint Clair. It also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds.
The area was first occupied by a succession of Native American tribes more than a thousand years ago. Inhabited by Natives, Métis, and French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of the New France colony. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in the early 1762, the region came under the British rule. Britain gave up the territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's was defeated in the American Revolutionary War. The area was part of the larger Northwest Territory up until 1800, when western Michigan became a part of the Indiana Territory. The Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon till after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in the year 1837 as the 26th state, a free one. It soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes areas and a popular "émigré" destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; immigration from several European countries to Michigan was also the busiest as at that time, especially for those who came from Macedonia, Finland, and the Netherlands.
Although Michigan built a diverse economy, it is widely known as the center of the U.S. automotive industry, which later developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. The state is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose headquarters are all in the Metro Detroit region). While being a sparsely populated state, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism due to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, agriculture, forestry, services, and high-tech industry.