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Indiana State Description
Indiana is a state in the union of 50 U.S. states that is located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. It is the 38th-largest city in the Union measured by area and it is also the 17th-most populated of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted into to the Union on the 19th state on the 11th of December 1816. It borders Michigan to the north, Lake Michigan to the northwest, the Ohio River and Kentucky to the south and southeast, Ohio to the east, and the Wabash River and Illinois to the west.
Before it became a territory, several indigenous peoples had lived in Indiana for thousands of years. Since its inception as a territory, several settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected both on the regional and cultural segmentation that are seen in the Eastern United States, the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by the people who are from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic regions and are adjacent to Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, most especially, Kentucky and Tennessee.
Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product estimated to be around $359.12 billion in 2017. It has several metropolitan areas with a population that is greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, which includes the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and it serves as host to several notable competitive events, including the Indianapolis 500.
Indiana's name means "Land of the Indians", or simply translated as "Indian Land". It also comes up from Indiana's territorial history. On the 7th of May, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and they named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to start the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became known as the geographic area for the new state.
The first inhabitants in what is now known as Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who first arrived in about 8000 BCE after the melting of the glaciers at the very end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who had hunted large game such as mastodons. They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping, knapping and flaking rocks.
The Archaic period, which started at around 5000 and 4000 BC, and it gave birth to the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, which is a major step in the birth of civilization. These new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with several forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as stone axes, grinding stones and woodworking tools. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that the settlements were becoming more permanent.