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Description of Indiana, US
Located in the Midwest, Indiana is a US state. It is the 38th-largest state by land area and the 17th-most populous. Located in the state of Indiana, Indianapolis is the state's largest and most populous city. On December 11, 1816, the United States of America recognized Indiana as the nineteenth state in the union. The state is bordered by the Great Lakes to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, the Ohio River to the south and southeast, and Kentucky to the southwest and western Wabash River and Illinois.
Between 1800 and 1836, the U.S. government removed several indigenous peoples from the area that would become Indiana. After statehood was created, Indiana was still largely occupied by Native American tribes. Indiana's northernmost tier was mostly established by individuals from New England and New York, while the state's central and southern regions were settled by people from the Mid-Atlantic states and adjacent Ohio.
With a gross state product of $377,1 billion in 2019, Indiana's economy is diverse. In addition to a number of large cities, there are a number of smaller towns and cities with populations of less than 100,000. The Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League and the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association are two of the state's professional sports franchises. Additionally, the Indianapolis 500, which is held at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, is a major athletic event in the state of Indiana.
Geographical Description of Indiana
East-central lowlands that drop from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River can be found in Indiana. There is a large amount of high-quality soil material left over from glacial activity, as well as sand, gravel, glacial till and loese, which may be found across the state. An agriculturally rich central plain, a glacial lake basin and moraine region, and then a somewhat flat glacial lake basin and moraine zone in northern Indiana follow. Whereas the Wabash River empties into the Ohio at a depth of around 330 feet (100 meters), the highest point is located near the Ohio border at about 1,250 feet (380 meters) above sea level. Between 500 and 1,000 feet above sea level, the vast majority of the land is located (150 and 300 metres).
The watershed between the Saint Lawrence and Mississippi basins is established by an almost imperceptible rise towards the northeast. The Wabash, Ohio, and White River east and west forks are all part of the Mississippi River basin. There is a north-south divide between the St. Joseph River and the Maumee River, both of which drain into Lake Michigan. Several of the state's greatest glacial lakes can be found in the northern part of the state.
Many farmers control significant swaths of privately held forest land. The Indiana Dunes, the sand dunes that encircle Lake Michigan, have been mostly relegated to the private sector, making it one of the region's most distinctive features. To a degree, this problem was alleviated by the construction of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in 1972. Brown County's south-central portion is one of the most beautiful places in the state.
Temperature extremes are rare in Indiana's four distinct seasons and mild environment. Every day of January, the average temperature varies from the low 20s F (about –6 °C) to the low 40s F (approximately 4 °C) in Jeffersonville, Indiana, on the Ohio River, while it is closer to 1 °C (nearly 9 °F) in South Bend, Indiana, near Lake Michigan. Mid- to upper-80s Fahrenheit (28–32 °C) in the south and low- to mid-60s Fahrenheit (about 17 °C) in the north are common in July.
Around 45 inches (1,150 mm) of rain falls year in the South Central region, with an average of around 37 inches (940 mm). Over the course of a year, snowfall can amount to more than 20 inches (510 mm), with some areas along the northern border reporting as much as 100 inches of snowfall (2,540 mm). Northwest Indiana's climate is dramatically influenced as a result of its location in Lake Michigan's lee. Lake Superior's warm water attracts frigid air in the fall and winter months, resulting in significant precipitation. Winter snowfall is much larger in this area than other parts of the state. For this "lake effect," the average daily temperature rises in the fall and falls in the spring, respectively (April through June). Severe storms are common in a belt of Midwestern states that include Indiana. It's tornado season during this season because of the weather being so unpredictable.
Economy of Indiana
Indiana's economy was mostly based on manufacturing for the majority of the twentieth century. Due to its proximity to several of the country's main consumer and industrial markets and its enormous interstate highway system, Indiana has seen a significant increase in its manufacturing sector. Industrialization in Indiana, particularly in the steel industry, has made the state's economy sensitive to downturns. Services have overtaken manufacturing, and biological sciences have become a major emphasis of state economic development initiatives in early 21st-century America.