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Description of Illinois, US
Located in the Midwest, Illinois is a state of the United States of America. State capital Springfield and other cities like Peoria and Rockford are also noteworthy metropolitan areas. Chicago is Illinois' largest city and Springfield is the state's capital. While Illinois's GDP is number. 5, its population is no. 6, and its total land area is no. 25, all of the 50 states in the United States.
With Chicago in the northeast, smaller industrial cities and vast farmland in the north, and coal, lumber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a reasonably diverse economy. With its central location and geography, the state of Illinois is a major transportation hub: the Port of Chicago has direct access to both Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico oceans via the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence Seaway. State boundaries are formed by the Mississippi, Ohio, and Wabash rivers. For many years, O'Hare International Airport has ranked among the top 10 busiest in the world. In terms of social, cultural, and political aspects, Illinois has long been considered as a microcosm of the entire United States.
What is going on now? A variety of prehistoric cultures, including the highly developed civilization in the Cahokia region, have long occupied the state of Illinois. The first European settlers in Illinois Country near the Mississippi River were the French, who came as part of the vast New France colony in the seventeenth century. In 1783, the population of the Ohio River Valley began to grow from the south to the north as immigrants from Kentucky arrived. In 1818, Illinois became a state after serving as a part of the Northwest Territory, the United States' oldest territory. As a result of the Erie Canal's expansion of commercial activity in the Great Lakes, the little city of Chicago was able to blossom into one of the world's fastest-growing cities. The invention of the self-scouring steel plow by Illinois native John Deere transformed the rich prairies of his home state into some of the most productive and lucrative agriculture in the world, attracting German and Swedish immigrants. A huge railroad and canal system, constructed in the mid-nineteenth century, helped convert Illinois into a transportation hub serving the whole country.
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe began to flock to the northern cities and the central and southern coalfields by 1900. When the United States entered both world wars, Illinois was an important manufacturing center, thanks to its status as a highly industrialized state. Due to the massive influx of African Americans during the Great Migration from the South, the Windy City gained its jazz and blues culture. As a worldwide city, Chicago is home to about 65 percent of the state's population in its metropolitan area, known as Chicagoland.
Presidents Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama were all elected from Illinois, but Californian Ronald Reagan was born and raised there. In honor of Abraham Lincoln, the state phrase Land of Lincoln has appeared on Illinois license plates since 1954. President Barack Obama's Presidential Center will be opening its Chicago doors this year at Springfield's Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum.
Geographical Description of Illinois
There are a few mountain ranges in the north and south, but the vast bulk of Illinois is flat. Most of the tallgrass prairie that once covered this area has been converted to farmland or developed land. There are many differences between the remainder of Illinois and the unglaciated southernmost region of Illinois. The Shawnee National Forest dominates this area, Illinois' lone significant tract of federally managed land. Southern Illinois's hills are wide and gently sloping. Located in the northwest part of the state, Charles Mound rises 1,235 feet (376 meters) above sea level. About 600 feet above sea level, the state's highest point (180 metres).
Much of northern and central Illinois' rich, dark soil is renowned for its agricultural excellence and fertility, and it's no exception. There are significant differences in soil quality between the southern third of the state and the rest of the state.
The majority of Illinois' streams empty into the Mississippi River Basin, which receives up to 900 of them. There was a time when water from the Chicago and Calumet rivers flowed into Lake Michigan and the St. Lawrence River before canals were built to divert their water and divert it to the Mississippi River instead. "Little Egypt" is the location where the Ohio and Mississippi rivers meet in Cairo, at the state's southernmost tip.
There are natural water reservoirs beneath the entire state of Illinois. Whereas Lake Michigan supplies water to the city of Chicago and many of its suburbs, the vast majority of Illinois' northern counties rely on underground wells for their supply of water. The water table in Joliet has dropped hundreds of feet since the turn of the 20th century, for example. There are a large number of man-made lakes in the state of Michigan.
Because of its location and long north-south axis, Illinois experiences large regional temperature variations. The yearly temperature variation of Michigan is mitigated in part by Lake Michigan, which results in cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers. As a general guideline, in the north, the average winter temperature is roughly 22 degrees Fahrenheit (6 degrees Celsius), whereas in the south, it is approximately 37 degrees Fahrenheit (3 degrees Celsius). Annual rainfall in the north is 34 inches (864 mm), whereas it is 46 inches (1,220 mm) in the south (1,170 mm). In the southernmost counties, the growing season lasts 205 days, whereas in the northernmost counties, it lasts 155 days.
Economy of Illinois
Illinois is a microcosm of the national economy because of its diverse economy, which includes strengths in manufacturing, agriculture, banking, mining, transportation, government, technology, and service industries (including tourism). A state's ability to weather economic downturns better is enhanced by its ability to diversify its economy.
The booming economy of Illinois is supported by a large investment from both the public and private sectors. The Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs operates foreign offices in order to promote the importing of Illinois products. The state provides services for the development of business businesses by women and racial minorities and disseminates information about new technology breakthroughs to private enterprises. To attract business, develop or restore downtown areas, and advance technology have all been made possible by private entities..
Trade unions in Illinois have some clout on both the political and economic fronts, but neither they nor employer organizations have the capacity to compel the other to bend to their will. Labor and management disputes frequently turn to public officials for help.