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Description of Florida, US
The state of Florida is a part of the United States of America. It became the 27th state in 1845. Located in the heart of the Southern United States, Florida is the second most populated state in the region, after Texas. The capital of Florida is Tallahassee, which may be found on the northwest panhandle of the state.
Throughout Florida's long and colorful history, geography has played an important role in shaping the state's unique character. Florida is located on a peninsula that protrudes southeast from the North American continent, separating the Atlantic Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico and pointing toward the Caribbean Sea. Only Florida's northern border states of Georgia (east) and Alabama (north) share a land boundary with the state (west). It's only about 50 miles (80 kilometers) to the east of the state's southernmost point to the Bahamas' island of Bimini. The northernmost point of Florida is about 100 miles (160 kilometers) farther south than the southern border of California, making it the southernmost of the 48 contiguous United States. The Tropic of Cancer sits within 75 miles (120 kilometers) of the Florida Keys, a crescent of islands in the state's southernmost section. Only Alaska's coastline is longer than Florida's, with 13,500 kilometers, which includes 5,100 miles (8,200 kilometers) of coastline along the Gulf of Mexico.
While the state is situated in an ideal location for access to the Gulf of Mexico, it also overlooks a major crossroads connecting North and South America, as well as old trade routes leading to Europe. In 1513, a Spanish adventurer named Juan Ponce de León arrived and renamed the country La Florida (Spanish for "The Flower"), claiming it as Spanish possession. During the colonization of the Americas and the Caribbean, Florida had an important role to play. The first European settlement in the continental United States was established in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565.
The "Sunshine State's" weather and scenery have traditionally attracted a large number of visitors. As a result of the state's rapidly increasing service sector, a large number of Latin American immigrants have flocked to the state in search of work, particularly in the tourism industry. Because of this, Florida has consistently ranked among the states with the fastest-growing immigrant populations in the country.
Geographical description of Florida
Florida is a low-lying plain with a youthful geology and an average elevation of less than 100 feet (30 meters). Walton County in Alabama has the highest point in the state at just 345 feet (105 meters). Sand and limestone make up the majority of the state's surface, with remnants of freshwater bodies visible in the form of peat and mud. Moving water, waves, ocean currents, winds, changes in sea level, and solution-induced erosion of limestone rocks have had a profound impact on the present terrain. As a result of these forces, the state is classified into seven basic physiographic regions: coastal lowlands, lake Okeechoba–Everglades basin, Kissimmee lowlands, Mariana lowlands, central highlands, Tallahassee hills, and western highlands. However, these divisions are barely discernible to the naked eye.
approximately three-quarters of the landmass consists of coastal lowlands ranging in length from 10 to 100 kilometers (16 to 160 km). The average elevation difference between sea level and the surrounding terrain is less than eight meters (less than 25 feet). Multiple historic beach ridges run parallel to one another in a swampy area in the eastern part of the state. Barrier bars (beaches) off the coast of Florida are home to many of the state's best beaches.
In spite of the fact that they are both subregions of the coastal lowlands, the Kissimmee lowlands and the Lake Okeechobee–Everglades basin deserve to be classified separately. The former is a shallow, slow-moving river with a length and width of 150 miles (240 kilometers) and 50 miles (80 kilometers), respectively (the Everglades is sometimes referred to as a "river of grass"). Sugarcane is mostly grown in Florida's northern half, which has been modified with canals, dikes, and pumping stations. Everglades National Park protects a substantial portion of the area's pre-European flavor in the southern portion. As a major tributary to Florida's largest freshwater lake, the Kissimmee River runs through the Kissimmee lowlands, which are nearly identical in size to Lake Okeechobee-Everglades. Flat, green grasslands and animal farms dominate this area.
With the Apalachicola and Choctawhatchee rivers as its borders, the Marianna lowlands are a small area located in northwest Panhandle. This severely damaged ground is littered with sinkholes and caves.
In the eastern Tallahassee hills, the Marianna lowlands separate from the western highlands, which continue to the Alabama state boundary, The ancient highland plains that make up each of these zones are around the same size (40 by 100 miles [65 by 160 kilometers]). Combined, they make up Florida's most productive agricultural region, resulting in a gorgeous, gently sloping landscape.
It's between the Suwannee River and the St. Johns River, which separates highland areas from lowland areas on the east coast, that the central highlands are found. Arcadia and Sebring are located between the Georgia and Florida state lines, and the region's width extends from 50 to 75 miles (80 to 120 km). Florida's citrus groves are concentrated in the state's middle and southern areas, which are interspersed by tens of thousands of lakes.
Economy of Florida
As of 2021, Florida's gross state product (GSP) is $1.2 trillion, making it the fourth-largest economy in the United States. A sovereign Florida in 2021 would have the sixteenth-largest economy in the world, ahead of Indonesia and just behind Mexico, according to the International Monetary Fund. International banking, biomedical and life science research, simulation training, aerospace and defense, and commercial space travel have all contributed to the rise of the state's economy throughout the last century.