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Delaware State Description
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States and it is located in the Mid-Atlantic region. It shares borders in the south and west with Maryland, in the north with Pennsylvania, and in the east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from the nearby Delaware River (which has its river mouth inside Delaware), itself is named after Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, who is an English nobleman and the first colonial governor in Virginia.
Delaware occupies the northeastern areas of the Delmarva Peninsula and some islands and territory that are within the Delaware River. It is the second smallest and the sixth least populated state, but it is also the sixth most densely populated state. The largest city in Delaware is Wilmington, while the state capital is Dover, which is the second-largest city in the state. The state is divided into three counties, having the lowest number of any state. From north to south, they are Kent County, New Castle County, and Sussex County. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly on agriculture, New Castle County is more urbanized.
Before its coastline was explored by the Europeans in the early 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the southern parts. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the current town of Lewes, in 1631. Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, and has since been reffered to as "The First State".
Since the turn of the 20th century, Delaware is also a primary onshore corporate haven, in which by virtue of its corporate laws, the state is the domicile of over 50% of all NYSE-listed business and 60% of the Fortune 500 companies.
The state was named after the Delaware River, which in turn got its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia as at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware people, a name that is used by Europeans for Lenape people that are indigenous to the Delaware Valley, also got their name from the same source.
The surname de La Warr comes from Sussex and it is of Anglo-Norman origin. It probably came up from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This toponymic could be gotten from the Latin ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin varectum (fallow). The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound often mutated in also appear in the old texts that are cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. It could also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr.