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Arizona State Description
Arizona is a state that is located in in the southeastern region of the United States. It shares a border with the Tennessee in it's nothern side, Georgia to the east coase, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south side, and Mississippi to the west of the state. It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states in the United State Of America. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the world's seven natural wonders, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.
Several indigenous peoples who has varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River started around the Burial Mound Period and it continued not until the European contact.
From the American Civil War up untill the World War II, Arizona, like many states in the southern U.S., suffered from economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former states that are slave. Despite the growth of several major industries and their Urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from the early 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were notably under-represented. Following the World War II, Arizona grew as the state's economy changed from one that is primarily dependant on agriculture to one that has diversified interests. The economy of the state in the 21st century is based on automotive, management, education, manufacturing, finance, mineral extraction, healthcare, retail, aerospace, and technology.
The name of the state happens to come up from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, which is gotten from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, which means "small spring", that was initially applied only to an area that is the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded very much like Arissona. The area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language. Another possible origin is from the Basque phrase haritz ona ("the good oak"), as there were several Basque sheepherders in the area. A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería (village) of Arizona around 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became vwey known after a significant discovery of silver there, c. 1737.